ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

The Health Benefits of Manuka Honey

Increase Your Magnesium Intake

Vitamin D supplementation could ease IBS symptoms

Top Tips to Boost Your Immunity

11 Amazing Health Benefits of Using Baking Soda

Nicotinamide riboside shows promise for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease

Exercise, calcium, vitamin D, and other factors linked with fewer injurious falls

Vitamin D3 Is a Powerhouse for Your Heart

Curcumin Supplementation May Impart Long-Term Cognitive Benefits

Rhodiola — A Powerful Adaptogen That Boosts Vitality and Performance, Eases Depression and Combats B...

 
Print Page
Email Article

A population genetic study of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto from eastern Long Island, New York, suggested frequency-dependent selection, gene flow and host adaptation.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Qiu WG, Bosler EM, Campbell JR, Ugine GD, Wang IN, Luft BJ, Dykhuizen DE • www.ProHealth.com • January 1, 1997


Abstract

Eastern Long Island, New York, is one of the major foci of Lyme disease in the United States. As in almost all other parts of North America, Lyme disease in this region is caused by a single genomic species of spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. For three consecutive years, natural populations of Lyme Borrelia in this region were sampled and studied for gene flow among different locations, changes in population structure over time, and selective forces. The genetic diversity of Borrelia populations was measured at the outer surface protein A (ospA) locus using Cold Single-Stranded Conformation Polymorphism (Cold SSCP) analysis. The Borrelia populations were found to be highly polymorphic within any of thirteen local populations. Ewens-Watterson tests of neutrality revealed that the high level of genetic diversity within local Borrelia populations is maintained by balancing selection. Frequency-dependent selection for the different strains distinguished by the ospA alleles is likely the mechanism of the balancing selection. Allele frequency distributions of Borrelia populations were homogeneous across the region in any particular year, although different infection rates of local tick (Ixodes scapularis) populations suggested that the Borrelia populations were at least partially isolated. Since the allele frequency distribution changed over time, while remaining homogeneous over space, the nearly uniform allele frequency distribution across the region cannot be explained by recent geographic expansion from a single population. This uniform distribution across the region thus may be maintained by selection, or by a significant amount of migration or both. The genetic structure of B. burgdorferi sensu stricto also differed between spirochetes infecting nymphal ticks and those infecting adult ticks. Since larval and nymphal ticks have distinctly different host feeding preferences, host adaptation of spirochete populations is implied. This distinction and an animal study using chipmunks suggest that ticks infected by Borrelia as larvae may have high mortality in the wild. This study represents a genetic analysis of local populations of a bacterial species.

Hereditas. 1997;127(3):203-16. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Optimized Curcumin Longvida®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get Energized with Malic Acid & Magnesium

Natural Remedies

Supercharge Your Brain with Two Powerful Nutrients Supercharge Your Brain with Two Powerful Nutrients
The Fibromyalgia and Glutathione Link The Fibromyalgia and Glutathione Link
The Remarkable Benefits of Reishi Medicinal Mushrooms The Remarkable Benefits of Reishi Medicinal Mushrooms
The Genetic Mutation That May Compromise Your Health - And What to Do About It The Genetic Mutation That May Compromise Your Health - And What to Do About It
Sleep Like a Baby in Nature's Cradle Sleep Like a Baby in Nature's Cradle

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map