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Reduction of butyrate- and methane-producing microorganisms in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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By Marta Pozuelo et al. • www.ProHealth.com • August 11, 2015


Note: You can read the full article HERE.
 
By Marta Pozuelo et al.
 
Abstract
 
The pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) remains unclear. Here we investigated the microbiome of a large cohort of patients to identify specific signatures for IBS subtypes.
 
We examined the microbiome of 113 patients with IBS and 66 healthy controls. A subset of these participants provided two samples one month apart. We analyzed a total of 273 fecal samples, generating more than 20 million 16S rRNA sequences.
 
In patients with IBS, a significantly lower microbial diversity was associated with a lower relative abundance of butyrate-producing bacteria (P?=?0.002; q?  
Altogether, our findings showed that IBS-M and IBS-D patients are characterized by a reduction of butyrate producing bacteria, known to improve intestinal barrier function, and a reduction of methane producing microorganisms a major mechanism of hydrogen disposal in the human colon, which could explain excess of abdominal gas in IBS.
 
Source: Marta Pozuelo, Suchita Panda, Alba Santiago, Sara Mendez, Anna Accarino, Javier Santos, Francisco Guarner, Fernando Azpiroz & Chaysavanh Manichanh. Reduction of butyrate- and methane-producing microorganisms in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 12693 doi:10.1038/srep12693. Published 04 August 2015




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