ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Can Autoimmune Conditions be Reversed? Researchers Make a Surprising Discovery

Scientifically-designed fasting diet lowers risks for major diseases

How One Tiny Molecule Turned into One Huge Health Breakthrough

Acupuncture boosts effectiveness of standard medical care for chronic pain, depression

Research on Astaxanthin Demonstrates Significant Whole Body Benefits

Humans have three times more brown body fat

Nutrients Boost Stem Cell Function

B12 Proven Essential for Every Cell

Soy isoflavones may benefit breast cancer patients

Dietary prebiotics improve sleep, buffer impacts of stress, says study

 
Print Page
Email Article

Reactive microglia in aging and dementia: an immunohistochemical study of postmortem human brain tissue.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Overmyer M, Helisalmi S, Soininen H, Laakso M, Rie • www.ProHealth.com • April 1, 1999


Significantly increased up-regulation of HLA DR (major histocompatibility complex class II antigen) was seen using immunohistochemistry in postmortem brain tissue from demented patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (73 cases, 61 females/12 males, mean age 84 +/- 9 years) compared to controls (22 cases, 10 females/12 males, mean age 78 +/- 9 years).

The counts of HLA DR-expressing activated microglia were significantly higher in female AD patients compared to males, significantly higher in AD patients with the age at death greater than 75 years compared to those dying younger and higher, although not statistically significantly, in AD patients with the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) epsilon4 allele compared to those patients not carrying this allele. In contrast to the situation in AD patients, in the control cases the HLA DR expression was higher in males compared to females.

Furthermore, in the very old non-demented patients (age at death > 80 years), a decrease in the up-regulation of HLA DR expression was observed. A significant correlation between activated microglia and neurofibrillary tangles was seen in female AD patients compared to males, in AD cases without ApoE epsilon4 allele compared to those with this allele, in sporadic cases compared to familial and in cases with senile rather than presenile onset of the disease.

Our results indicate that there is an age- and/or sex-related variability in up-regulation of HLA DR expression of microglia and that the linkage between this up-regulation and AD lesions is significantly influenced by the ApoE epsilon4 allele, gender of subjects, age at onset and familiality of the disease.

Source: Acta Neuropathol (Berl) 1999 Apr;97(4):383-92
PMID: 10208278, UI: 99222959

(Department of Neuroscience and Neurology, Kuopio University, Finland. )




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils

Natural Remedies

Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire
Restore Youthful Cognition and Well-Being Restore Youthful Cognition and Well-Being
Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew
Joint Aches May Have Met Their Match in Curcumin Joint Aches May Have Met Their Match in Curcumin
Vitamin K-2 – A Key Player in Cardiovascular and Bone Health Vitamin K-2 – A Key Player in Cardiovascular and Bone Health

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map