ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Inflammation Disrupts Memory - What Can You Do to Protect Your Brain?

Artificial sweeteners linked to risk of weight gain, heart disease and other health issues

All About Ginkgo Biloba: Benefits of This Timeless Herbal Supplement

Yarrow Oil: Here's Why It Deserves a Place in Your First-Aid Kit

Vitamin D supplement use associated with lower risk of breast cancer

Carnitine deficiency suggested as contributor to autism

Lutein — An Important Nutrient for Eye and Brain Health

Hop Oil: A Safe Sleep Aide

White Camphor Oil: The Purest Camphor Oil

Taurine: Facts About This Crucial Amino Acid

 
Print Page
Email Article

Subfield- and layer-specific changes in parvalbumin, calretinin and calbindin-D28K immunoreactivity in the entorhinal cortex in Alzheimer's disease.

  [ 1 vote ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Mikkonen M, Alafuzoff I, Tapiola T, Soininen H, Mi • www.ProHealth.com • November 1, 1999


The entorhinal cortex, which is involved in neural systems related to memory, is selectively degenerated in early Alzheimer's disease. Here, we examined neuropathological changes in the eight entorhinal subfields in post mortem Alzheimer's disease subjects using Thionin and Bielschowsky stains and parvalbumin, calretinin and calbindin-D28k immunohistochemistry.

Both histological stains revealed the most dramatic cell loss and neurofibrillary tangle formation to be in layers II and V of the lateral, intermediate and caudal subfields. In accordance, immunohistochemical staining showed that neurons and fibres that contain calcium-binding proteins were also more frequently altered in these subfields than in the rostromedial subfields. Detailed analysis further revealed that non-principal cells containing parvalbumin or calbindin-D28k showed morphological alterations early in the entorhinal pathology of Alzheimer's disease, whereas non-principal neurons containing calretinin were better preserved even in Alzheimer's disease patients with severe entorhinal pathology.

The degeneration of parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons and basket-like networks and calbindin-positive non-principal neurons was observed mainly in layer II, where the calretinin-positive non-principal neurons formed aggregates especially at late stages of the disease. The pyramidal-shaped neurons containing either calretinin or calbindin-D28k were often preserved, although morphological alterations were observed.

Our findings indicate that specific subfields of the entorhinal cortex involving neurons that contain distinct calcium-binding proteins are differentially vulnerable in Alzheimer's disease. This could have an impact on the topographically organized inputs and outputs of the entorhinal cortex in Alzheimer's patients.

Source: Neuroscience 1999;92(2):515-32
PMID: 10408601, UI: 99335086

(Department of Neuroscience and Neurology, Kuopio University Hospital and University of Kuopio, Finland. )




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil FibroSleep™ Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

Carry a Massage Therapist in Your Pocket Carry a Massage Therapist in Your Pocket
Aching Muscles? Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life Aching Muscles? Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life
Restoring Gut Health: How to Create a Firewall Against Toxins Entering the Gut Wall Restoring Gut Health: How to Create a Firewall Against Toxins Entering the Gut Wall
Strontium - The Missing Mineral for Strong Bones Strontium - The Missing Mineral for Strong Bones
Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map