ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Meta-analysis adds evidence to association between omega-3 supplementation and lower heart rate

Friendly User's Guide for the Timing of Nutritional Supplements

The Health Benefits of Manuka Honey

Increase Your Magnesium Intake

Love Your Lungs With Tomatoes and Apples

How to Get Rid of Stretch Marks Naturally

Top Tips to Boost Your Immunity

Essential Oils Lower Blood Pressure

Vitamin D supplementation could ease IBS symptoms

11 Amazing Health Benefits of Using Baking Soda

 
Print Page
Email Article

Wahlund effects and sex-biased dispersal in Ixodes ricinus, the European vector of Lyme borreliosis: new tools for old data.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Kempf F, McCoy KD, De Meeûs T • www.ProHealth.com • October 1, 2010


Abstract

Population genetics can help us better understand species microevolution and population biology, but inferences made from the genetic polymorphisms of field-collected organisms critically rely on sampling design. The population structure of the tick Ixodes ricinus L. (Acari, Ixodidae), a commonly encountered ectoparasite and the principal vector of human Lyme disease in Europe, has been the focus of some study, but many ecological aspects of this species remain poorly understood. Here, we apply a Bayesian clustering approach to observed and simulated data to examine within-population structure in I. ricinus, and to re-analyse patterns of sex-biased dispersal based on this substructure. We found between 18 and 27 distinct clusters within each of the 12 subsamples examined with a significant drop of heterozygote deficits. Parallel analyses on a comparable species, the seabird tick Ixodes uriae, indicated that these clusters can reflect important ecological features of the species (i.e., local host-associations). Analyses that considered the within-population clustering pattern of I. ricinus showed reversed patterns of sex-biased dispersal as compared to raw data (i.e., female-biased instead of male-biased dispersal). Simulated data supported the hypothesis that these scale-dependant patterns could be due to a combination of sex-specific dispersal and mortality. These different results raise new questions on the dispersal and host use strategies of I. ricinus and the potential importance of these ecological features for disease transmission. Furthermore, this work underlines the importance of taking into account patterns of genetic substructure when investigating sex-biased dispersal in natural populations.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Infect Genet Evol. 2010 Oct;10(7):989-97. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2010.06.003. Epub 2010 Jun 19. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
FibroSleep™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get Energized with Malic Acid & Magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

Coping When Colds or Flu Catch Up with You Coping When Colds or Flu Catch Up with You
Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
Milk Thistle: Trusted Support for Health & Healing in a Toxic World Milk Thistle: Trusted Support for Health & Healing in a Toxic World
How Glutathione Can Save Your Life How Glutathione Can Save Your Life

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map