ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Ultrasound Therapy for Fibromyalgia and Lyme Disease

Curcumin: The All In One Solution, Part 2

What Are the Benefits of Vitamin K2?

Vitamin D deficiency + high fat diet = metabolic syndrome

Why You Should Take Your Apple Cider Vinegar at Night

Use Burdock Oil to Promote Healthy Hair Growth

AMA journal associates iron deficiency with hearing loss

Meet Your Weight Loss Goals

People with forms of early-onset Parkinson's disease may benefit from boosting niacin in diet, resea...

Lutein linked to preservation of crystallized intelligence

 
Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: Influence of pro-inflammatory (IL-1alpha, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma) and anti-inflammatory (IL-4) cytokines on chondrocyte function

  [ 18 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • September 18, 2003


Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2003 Sep;11(9):681-7.

Schuerwegh AJ, Dombrecht EJ, Stevens WJ, Van Offel JF, Bridts CH, De Clerck LS.

Department of Immunology, Allergology and Rheumatology, University of Antwerp, Belgium

OBJECTIVE: Cytokines produced by inflammatory cells play a pivotal role in synovial inflammation and joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis. To investigate the influence of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1alpha, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma) and subsequently the possible beneficial role of an anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-4) on chondrocyte viability (necrosis/apoptosis), proliferation and nitric oxide (NO) production.

METHODS: Primary bovine chondrocytes were cultured until monolayers were obtained. Cells were incubated with cytokines (IL-1alpha, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-4, IL-6) at 0.1, 1, 10 and 100ng/mL. After 48h, the viability of the chondrocytes was measured flow cytometrically with propidium iodide. Proliferation was determined by the incorporation of tritiated thymidine.

The morphology of the chondrocytes, including presence of apoptotic nuclei, was evaluated by a May-Grunwald-Giemsa staining. In addition, the number of apoptotic chondrocytes was detected flow cytometrically with a TUNEL technique and annexin-V/propidium iodide staining. NO production was evaluated using a spectrophotometric assay, based upon the Griess reaction.

RESULTS: The viability and proliferation of bovine chondrocytes decreased after incubation with 100ng/mL IL-1alpha, TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma. In contrast, incubation of chondrocytes with IL-4 or IL-6 had no influence on the viability or the proliferation of cells. IL-1alpha was able to enhance NO production in a dose dependent manner. IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha induced NO production only at the highest concentration (100ng/mL), whereas IL-4 and IL-6 did not.

There was a dose dependent increase in apoptosis of bovine chondrocytes cultured in the presence of IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha. This effect could not be prevented by preincubation with IL-4. Preincubation with IL-4 diminished IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha induced NO production and increased proliferation of chondrocytes. In an additional experiment, incubation of human chondrocytes with anti-Fas did not induce apoptosis as measured by annexin-V/propidium iodide staining.

CONCLUSIONS: Pro-inflammatory cytokines are able to induce apoptosis, whereas IL-4 as an anti-inflammatory cytokine can inhibit the effect of IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha on NO production and proliferation of bovine chondrocytes.

PMID: 12954239 [PubMed - in process]




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream
The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol
Clinically Studied Joint Relief Product for FM & ME/CFS Clinically Studied Joint Relief Product for FM & ME/CFS
Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Tart Cherry Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Tart Cherry
Could a B-12 Deficiency Be Causing Your Symptoms? Could a B-12 Deficiency Be Causing Your Symptoms?

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map