ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

The Health Benefits of Manuka Honey

Increase Your Magnesium Intake

Vitamin D supplementation could ease IBS symptoms

Top Tips to Boost Your Immunity

11 Amazing Health Benefits of Using Baking Soda

Nicotinamide riboside shows promise for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease

Exercise, calcium, vitamin D, and other factors linked with fewer injurious falls

Vitamin D3 Is a Powerhouse for Your Heart

Rhodiola — A Powerful Adaptogen That Boosts Vitality and Performance, Eases Depression and Combats B...

Curcumin Supplementation May Impart Long-Term Cognitive Benefits

 
Print Page
Email Article

Coevolution of markers of innate and adaptive immunity in skin and peripheral blood of patients with erythema migrans.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Salazar JC, Pope CD, Sellati TJ, Feder HM Jr, Kiely TG, Dardick KR, Buckman RL, Moore MW, Caimano MJ, Pope JG, Krause PJ, Radolf JD, Lyme Disease Network • www.ProHealth.com • September 1, 2003


Abstract

We used multiparameter flow cytometry to characterize leukocyte immunophenotypes and cytokines in skin and peripheral blood of patients with erythema migrans (EM). Dermal leukocytes and cytokines were assessed in fluids aspirated from epidermal suction blisters raised over EM lesions and skin of uninfected controls. Compared with corresponding peripheral blood, EM infiltrates were enriched for T cells, monocytes/macrophages, and dendritic cells (DCs), contained lower proportions of neutrophils, and were virtually devoid of B cells. Enhanced expression of CD14 and HLA-DR by lesional neutrophils and macrophages indicated that these innate effector cells were highly activated. Staining for CD45RO and CD27 revealed that lesional T lymphocytes were predominantly Ag-experienced cells; furthermore, a subset of circulating T cells also appeared to be neosensitized. Lesional DC subsets, CD11c(+) (monocytoid) and CD11c(-) (plasmacytoid), expressed activation/maturation surface markers. Patients with multiple EM lesions had greater symptom scores and higher serum levels of IFN-alpha, TNF-alpha, and IL-2 than patients with solitary EM. IL-6 and IFN-gamma were the predominant cytokines in EM lesions; however, greater levels of both mediators were detected in blister fluids from patients with isolated EM. Circulating monocytes displayed significant increases in surface expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR)1 and TLR2, while CD11c(+) DCs showed increased expression of TLR2 and TLR4; lesional macrophages and CD11c(+) and CD11c(-) DCs exhibited increases in expression of all three TLRs. These results demonstrate that Borrelia burgdorferi triggers innate and adaptive responses during early Lyme disease and emphasize the interdependence of these two arms of the immune response in the efforts of the host to contain spirochetal infection.

J Immunol. 2003 Sep 1;171(5):2660-70. Comparative Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Vitamin D3 Extreme™


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get Energized with Malic Acid & Magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

Aching Muscles? Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life Aching Muscles? Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life
The Cellular Enzyme That Promotes Longevity And Reduces Fat Storage The Cellular Enzyme That Promotes Longevity And Reduces Fat Storage
Restoring Gut Health: How to Create a Firewall Against Toxins Entering the Gut Wall Restoring Gut Health: How to Create a Firewall Against Toxins Entering the Gut Wall
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
Thyroid Health and Fibromyalgia Thyroid Health and Fibromyalgia

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map