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Pituitary release of growth hormone and prolactin in the primary fibromyalgia syndrome.

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By Griep EN, Boersma JW, de Kloet ER • • November 1, 1994

OBJECTIVE. Previously, we demonstrated hyperreactive adrenocortico tropic hormone (ACTH) release in patients with primary fibromyalgia syndrome (primary FMS). We investigated the pituitary release of growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) in search of further disturbances in neuroendocrine reactivity possibly associated with the pathophysiology of primary FMS.

METHODS. Ten female patients with primary FMS fulfilling the1981 Yunus criteria and 10 matched, healthy and sedentary controls were subjected to an insulin induced hypoglycemia test; samples for measurement of glucose, GH and PRL were taken at intervals.

RESULTS. Compared to the controls, the patients with primary FMS displayed significantly lower basal GH levels, whereas their basal PRL levels were slightly, though significantly, higher (respectively p = 0.021 and p = 0.041). Following hypoglycemia, there was a marked, statistically highly significant (p =0.001), hyperreactivity of the GH response in patients with primary FMS. The PRL response showed wide inter-individual variation and did not differ between patients and controls.

CONCLUSION. Our findings indicate that fibromyalgia, along with ACTH hyperreactivity, also exhibits a distinct disturbance in the GH-somatomedin C axis. With regard to PRL, the variation in individual responses limits conclusions. The hyperreactive response patterns of GH and ACTH previously suggest a common origin, which might be related to a subtle gluco-corticoid deficiency.

JRheumatol 1994 Nov;21(11):2125-2130.
Department of Rheumatology, Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, The Netherlands.

PMID: 7869322

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