ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Tea drinkers have lower glaucoma risk

Soy, cruciferous vegetables could help lower breast cancer treatment side effects

Basic Aromatherapy to Help Balance and Calm

The Long-Term Benefits of Drinking Oolong Tea

Why You Should Try This Sweet-Smelling and Health-Boosting Essential Oil

Wonderful White Tea: A Drink Fit for an Emperor

Arnica: This Powerful Herb Promotes Various Kinds of Healing

Chamomile Tea: Why This Ancient Therapeutic Drink Still Stands Out Today

Get ‘Hooked’ on Cat’s Claw: The Many Benefits of This Amazonian Herb

Try Apple Cider Vinegar and Black Cumin Oil as Your Go-To Salad Dressing

 
Print Page
Email Article

Prognostic factors for the development of fibromyalgia (FM) in women with self-reported musculoskeletal pain. A prospective study

  [ 121 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • November 15, 1999


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of developing fibromyalgia (FM) in women with self-reported pain and to estimate the relative risk of a series of variables.

METHODS: As part of a population study, 214 women with self-reported pain were interviewed and examined in 1990 and 1995. In 1990, 39 of these women fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria for FM. The other 175 women represented a continuum of pain extent from nonchronic pain to chronic widespread pain, and were assessed as individuals at risk for developing FM. Potential risk factors for FM were registered in 1990 and analyzed by bivariate and multiple statistical methods in the total sample and also in a subgroup of 115 women with limited pain.

RESULTS: Forty-three (25%) women developed FM. Having or = 4 associated symptoms, pain of or = 6 years' duration, back pain, alternately hard/loose stools, and self-assessed depression were found to be predictors. Pain in the lower arm and a feeling of swelling were more weakly associated. In women with limited pain, pain or = 6 years' duration, or = 4 associated symptoms, not feeling refreshed in the morning, and paresthesia were found to be predictors. A weaker association was found with self-assessed depression and a lack of formal education.

CONCLUSION: A high cumulative incidence of FM was found and a diversity of predictors for FM were identified in the total sample and also in women with limited pain. Of the variables that were part of the FM syndrome, back pain predicted FM, while tender points and pain in the neck did not. Moreover, or = 4 associated symptoms, self-assessed depression, and longlasting pain were shown to be important predictors.

Forseth KO, Husby G, Gran JT, Forre O




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra ATP+, Double Strength


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get Energized with Malic Acid & Magnesium

Natural Remedies

Coenzyme Q10 - The Energy Maker Coenzyme Q10 - The Energy Maker
Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Tart Cherry Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Tart Cherry
Hydroxytyrosol: A Superior Antioxidant for Combatting Oxidative Stress Hydroxytyrosol: A Superior Antioxidant for Combatting Oxidative Stress
Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea
The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map