ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

10 Fibro-Friendly Foods with a Bonus: Beautiful Skin

Fight Back! Win the War Being Waged Against Your Immune System

Studies Show that Magnesium L-threonate Improves Brain Plasticity, Leading to Direct and Significant...

Clary Sage Oil May Be Pricey, but Its Benefits Are Priceless

Component of red wine, grapes can help to reduce inflammation, study finds

Poly MVA: A Novel Therapy for Increasing Energy, Repairing DNA, and Promoting Overall Health

Pumpkin Pie Turmeric Breakfast Smoothie - Vegan + Gluten-Free

Vitamin D supplementation extends life in mouse model of Huntington's disease

What’s Fenugreek Good For?

Omega-3 fatty acid stops known trigger of lupus

Print Page
Email Article

Future directions in exercise & immunology: regulation & integration

  [ 32 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Mackinnon LT • • July 25, 1998

Although it is difficult to predict future directions in a
rapidly expanding field such as exercise immunology, recently
published research along with that presented at this Symposium
allow us to ask some key questions which may point to new
directions: 1) Are athletes immunocompromised? Athletes are
not clinically immunodeficient, yet endurance athletes are at
increased risk of illness. Long-term prospective studies are
needed to understand the relationship between infection,
training variables and immune parameters. 2) Is downregulation
of nonspecific immunity beneficial or harmful? In athletes,
neutrophils appear to be downregulated, and this may alter
resistance to illness. Alternatively, neutrophils are
mediators of tissue damage during inflammation. Downregulation
of neutrophil function may be protective by limiting chronic
inflammation. In athletes, mild immunosuppression may reflect
a compromise between the body's attempts to limit inflammation
while maintaining immune function. 3) What mediates
communication between events in skeletal muscle and the immune
system? Leukocyte mobility is affected by metabolic and
mechanical factors during exercise. Exercise increases
cytokine levels in damaged skeletal muscle and expression of
adhesion molecules. Future work is likely to focus on the role
of cytokines and adhesion molecules in mediating
exercise-induced changes in leukocyte mobility. 4) Can
exercise training provide a "countermeasure" against
immunosuppressive events? Moderate exercise training may have
a role in stimulating the immune system during certain
diseases (e.g., HIV- infection), immune dysfunction (e.g.,
chronic fatigue syndrome) or reduced responsiveness (e.g.
aging, spaceflight). It is also likely that future study will
apply molecular biology techniques to further identify
mechanisms by which exercise influences immune function.

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg FibroSleep™ Ultra ATP+, Double Strength

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance
The Curcumin Revolution: 'Golden' Ticket to Better Health The Curcumin Revolution: 'Golden' Ticket to Better Health
Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root
Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH
Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep? Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep?

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map