ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

15 Health Benefits of Chia Seeds, According to Science

Tangerine Oil: A Citrusy Essential Oil With Well-Rounded Uses

Natural Remedies for the Prevention of Dry Eyes

Magnesium Deficiency Raises Your Risk of Many Chronic Ailments

Resveratrol supplementation improves arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetics

CoQ10's Potential Capabilities for Your Health

How Can Melatonin Benefit You?

Cloves: Boost Your Immune System the Sweet and Spicy Way

8 Chia Seed Recipes

Cinnamon Health Benefits Proven

 
Print Page
Email Article

Driving Performance Declines with Dementia and Age

  [ 187 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • October 3, 2003


St. Louis, Oct. 3, 2003 -- In one of the first studies to track driving performance over time in older adults, researchers at Washington University in St. Louis found that driving abilities predictably worsen in individuals with early Alzheimer's disease and, to a lesser extent, in older adults without dementia.

The findings will appear in the October issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

"As we expected, people with dementia, generally in the mild stages, declined faster than the nondemented individuals," says senior author Janet M. Duchek, Ph.D., associate professor of psychology and of occupational therapy. "But it is very interesting that there also was decline in some of our nondemented participants. This is a preliminary study, but it suggests that testing individuals with mild dementia every six months can be useful to identify those who become unsafe."

Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia in older adults and affects about 4.5 million Americans. Affected individuals experience memory difficulties and problems with attention and eventually lose the ability to perform complicated tasks like driving.

But according to co-author John C. Morris, M.D., principal investigator of the Alzheimer's Disease Research Center and the Harvey A. and Dorismae Hacker Friedman Distinguished Professor of Neurology, it's impossible to predict driving performance based solely on whether a person has been diagnosed with dementia. That's why the research team, which also included Linda Hunt, Ph.D., formerly at the School of Medicine and now at Flathead Valley Community College in Mont., and David B. Carr, M.D., associate professor of medicine, developed an extensive, 45-minute, in-traffic driving test called the Washington University Road Test.

"Appropriate testing is important," Morris says. "For individuals who still drive safely, it can be reassuring and help them remain independent. It also can be used to follow individuals to detect the development of unsafe driving behaviors and intervene, hopefully before there is an actual crash or other problem."

In a study published by Hunt and the team in 1997, 41 percent of individuals with mild Alzheimer's disease failed the driving test, compared with only 14 percent of those with very mild dementia and 3 percent of nondemented participants.

The current study details longitudinal findings with the same group of participants. The team administered the road test every six months to the individuals who passed the test the first time and then compared the time it took each group to go from "pass" to "fail."

As expected, the mild Alzheimer's group declined the fastest, followed by the very mild dementia group. Surprisingly, performance in the non-dementia group also declined over time, though at a slower rate than the other two groups.

In addition, when data from all three groups was combined, increased age alone appeared to be a risk factor in driving performance.

"While the majority of the nondemented people we tested remained very safe drivers, as we followed them, more and more became unsafe," Morris says. "Age-related changes other than dementia likely contribute to driving performance and should be further investigated in larger groups of older adults."

Duchek and Morris emphasize the need to educate physicians and families about the importance of detecting changes that may impair an individual's driving performance. Signs that should raise concern include an inability to maintain speed or to stay in one lane while driving, hesitating at turns or becoming lost, particularly in familiar areas.

"One of the features of dementia is that individuals lose insight and may not recognize that they are becoming unsafe," Morris explains. "We must increase public awareness about driving issues in demented persons and empower families and health care professionals to intervene before a tragedy occurs."

Duchek JM, Carr DB, Hunt L, Roe CM, Xiong C, Shah K, Morris JC. Longitudinal driving performance in early-stage dementia of the Alzheimer type. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol 51, pp. 1342-1347, October 2003.

Funding from the National Institute on Aging supported this research.

The full-time and volunteer faculty of Washington University School of Medicine are the physicians and surgeons of Barnes-Jewish and St. Louis Children's hospitals. The School of Medicine is one of the leading medical research, teaching and patient-care institutions in the nation. Through its affiliations with Barnes-Jewish and St. Louis Children's hospitals, the School of Medicine is linked to BJC HealthCare.



Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ FibroSleep™ Energy NADH™ 12.5mg


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear
The Super Antioxidant for Brain, Joint and Heart Health The Super Antioxidant for Brain, Joint and Heart Health
Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root
SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder
Inflammation Disrupts Memory - What Can You Do to Protect Your Brain? Inflammation Disrupts Memory - What Can You Do to Protect Your Brain?

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map