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Lack of association of Borna disease virus & human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 infections with psychiatric disorders among Japanese patients

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By Kubo K, Fujiyoshi T, Yokoyama MM, Kamei K, Richt JA, Kitze B, Herzog S, Takigawa M, Sonoda S • www.ProHealth.com • March 15, 1997


Borna disease virus (BDV) infection has been suspected to be a
possible etiological factor in human psychiatric disorders and
recently in chronic fatigue syndrome. Evidence of the
correlation of BDV infection with these disorders remained
unclear. Kagoshima is known to be one of the major areas in
which human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is endemic;
this is the first isolated human retrovirus that causes adult
T-cell leukemia with neurological symptoms.

The present studyaimed to clarify whether BDV and HTLV-1 infections
are associated with psychiatric disorders among Japanese
patients. Subjects were 346 patients with psychiatric
disorders (schizophrenia, 179; mood disorder, 123; and
others, 44) and 70 healthy controls. Anti-BDV antibodies from
plasma samples were screened by the indirect
immunofluorescence (IF) method using BDV-infected MDCK cells.
Results revealed that only three samples were found to be
weakly positive for BDV in the IF assay and seronegative by
Western blot (immunoblot) assay. Furthermore, BDV-p24 related
RNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 106 of 346
psychiatric patients and 12 or 70 healthy controls by
p24-reverse transcription PCR was examined. Two mood disorder
patients were positive for BDV-p24 RNA but seronegative. To
detect anti-HTLV-1 antibodies the plasma samples were
screened by the particle agglutination method and no
significant difference in seropositivity for anti-HTLV-1
antibody was found between the patients and healthy controls.


These results also suggested that there is a lack of
association between BDV and HTLV-1 infections with
psychiatric disorders among Japanese patients.




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