ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Inflammation Disrupts Memory - What Can You Do to Protect Your Brain?

Artificial sweeteners linked to risk of weight gain, heart disease and other health issues

All About Ginkgo Biloba: Benefits of This Timeless Herbal Supplement

Yarrow Oil: Here's Why It Deserves a Place in Your First-Aid Kit

Vitamin D supplement use associated with lower risk of breast cancer

Carnitine deficiency suggested as contributor to autism

Hop Oil: A Safe Sleep Aide

Lutein — An Important Nutrient for Eye and Brain Health

White Camphor Oil: The Purest Camphor Oil

Taurine: Facts About This Crucial Amino Acid

 
Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: Evidence-based pharmacotherapy of Alzheimers disease

  [ 106 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • August 3, 2004


Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2004 Jul 1;:1-19. Evans JG, Wilcock G, Birks J. Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group, University of Oxford, UK.

Dementia is an acquired global impairment of cognitive capacities. Approximately 5% of people aged over 65 yr are affected by dementia, and some 70% of cases are thought to be due primarily to Alzheimers disease. Descriptions of the clinical manifestations of Alzheimers disease have been increasingly refined in the last decade but there is no diagnostic test for what remains fundamentally a pathologically defined condition.

At the present time interventions for Alzheimers disease are limited to those that modify the manifestations of the disease, and foremost amongst the candidates available are the cholinesterase inhibitors. The rationale for the use of cholinergic drugs for Alzheimers disease lies in enhancing the secretion of, or prolonging the half-life of, acetylcholine in the brain.

Several potential compounds have been tested, but short half-lives and a high incidence of cholinergic and other adverse effects have eliminated most. Only three are widely licensed for use, donepezil, galantamine and rivastigmine. Their efficacy is relatively modest. These drugs have been tested in 32 randomized, placebo-controlled trials. The trials assess cognitive function primarily, and in addition they may assess global function, activities of daily living, quality of life and behavioural disturbance typically over 3 or 6 months.

The performance of each drug is summarized in a Cochrane review, a systematic review carried out according to strict guidelines. There was a significant benefit in favour of treatment compared with placebo for cognition and activities of daily living, but withdrawals due to adverse events were significantly higher for treatment than placebo for all three drugs. There is little evidence from direct comparisons between the three drugs. There are several economic analyses of the cost-effectiveness of these drugs, but the findings cannot be considered robust owing to inadequate data.

A range of other pharmacological treatments have been tested, including selegiline, piracetam, vitamin E, Ginkgo biloba, anti-inflammatory drugs and hormone replacement therapy, but, so far, Cochrane reviews have not established the efficacy of these interventions for Alzheimers disease. A Cochrane review of memantine shows benefits on cognitive and global function of the same order of magnitude as seen for the cholinesterase inhibitors. Memantine has been licensed in Europe for treatment of patients with moderately severe to severe Alzheimers disease.

PMID: 15228642 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Vitamin D3 Extreme™


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

The Curcumin Revolution: 'Golden' Ticket to Better Health The Curcumin Revolution: 'Golden' Ticket to Better Health
The Surprising Benefits of Probiotics - What You Didn't Know The Surprising Benefits of Probiotics - What You Didn't Know
The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12 The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12
Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging
Quercetin: Natural Support for Allergy & Inflammation Relief and More Quercetin: Natural Support for Allergy & Inflammation Relief and More

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map