ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

B Vitamins May Protect Against Damaging Effects of Air Pollution, and Improve Cognition and Psychiat...

Relief for IBS, Colitis, Crohn’s And More

Can Magnesium Relieve Your Tinnitus?

Resveratrol Proven to Slow Brain Aging

Magnesium Protects Against Stroke, Heart Disease and Diabetes

Fruits and vegetables' latest superpower? Lowering blood pressure

Neroli Oil: The Pleasantly Fragrant Citrus Oil

Restoring NAD+ could reduce DNA damage accumulation

What Benefits Can You Derive From Patchouli Oil?

Astaxanthin Is a Longevity Promoter

 
Print Page
Email Article

Evaluating the role of physical, operant, cognitive, & affective factors in the pain behaviors of chronic pain patients

  [ 30 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Turk DC, Okifuji A • www.ProHealth.com • July 12, 1997


Behavioral manifestations of pain, distress, and suffering have been
characterized as pain behaviors. Although acquisition and
maintenance of pain behaviors have been considered to occur
through reinforcement contingencies, empirical evidence
suggests that pain behavior is better understood as a
multidimensional entity. The present study was designed to
evaluate the contributions of physical, operant, cognitive,
and affective factors to individual differences in pain
behaviors. A total of 63 chronic pain patients diagnosed with
the disorder fibromyalgia underwent medical, physical, and
psychological evaluations. Hierarchical regression analyses
revealed that the physical, cognitive, and affective factors,
but not operant factors, were significantly related to
observed pain behaviors. The set of all factors accounted for
53% of the variance in observed pain behavior. The results in
this study suggest that pain behaviors should be
conceptualized as behavioral manifestation of pain based on a
complex interaction of various psychological and physical
factors.




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Optimized Curcumin Longvida® FibroSleep™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12 The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12
Fatigue & Fibro Fog: Could You Have a B-12 Deficiency? Fatigue & Fibro Fog: Could You Have a B-12 Deficiency?
Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew
The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream
Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map