ProHealth me-cfs Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|

Trending News

Researchers shed new light on cause of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue

Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial

Brain abnormalities in ME/CFS

The role of Epstein-Barr virus infection in the development of autoimmune thyroid diseases

Heroes Amidst the Daily Grind of Chronic Illness

Looking After Yourself Isn’t Selfish

Adapting Successfully to Long Term Illness – May Start with Dumping the Denial

Australian Study Pinpoints Possible Gene Issues in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Safely Burn Away Body Fat

 
Print Page
Email Article

Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Blocks Differentiation and Enhances Suppressive Activity of Immature Myeloid Cells during Chronic Inflammation

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ 1 Comment ]
By M. Sade-Feldman et al. • www.ProHealth.com • April 6, 2013


Editor's Comment: A number of studies have found elevated inflammatory cytokines in patients with CFS/ME. In 1999, Moss et al. discovered that TNF-a was elevated in CFS patients. Maes et al. confirmed this finding in 2011. Elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-a, have also been found in fibromyalgia patients. (Read the abstract HERE.Zeta chain downregulation has been implicated in cancer and in autoimmune diseases.

~Source: Immunity, Volume 38, Issue 3, 541-554, 07 March 2013

By M. Sade-Feldman et al.

Highlights

  • TNF-a promotes immunosuppression during chronic inflammation via MDSCs
  • TNF-a blocks MDSC maturation by enhancing S100A8/9 and RAGE expression
  • TNF-a augments MDSC suppressive activity impairing T and NK cell function
  • Etanercept enhances MDSC maturation and reduces their suppressive activity

Summary

Elevated concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) are detected in pathologies characterized by chronic inflammation. Whether TNF-a plays a role in manipulating the host’s immune system toward generating an immunosuppressive milieu, typical of ongoing chronic inflammation, is unclear. Here we showed that TNF-a exhibited a dual function during chronic inflammation: arresting differentiation of immature myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) primarily via the S100A8 and S100A9 inflammatory proteins and their corresponding receptor (RAGE) and augmenting MDSC suppressive activity. These functions led to in vivo T and NK cell dysfunction accompanied by T cell antigen receptor zeta chain downregulation. Furthermore, administration of etanercept (TNF-a antagonist) during early chronic inflammatory stages reduced MDSCs’ suppressive activity and enhanced their maturation into dendritic cells and macrophages, resulting in the restoration of in vivo immune functions and recovery of zeta chain expression. Thus, TNF has a fundamental role in promoting an immunosuppressive environment generated during chronic inflammation.

Source: Immunity, Volume 38, Issue 3, 541-554, 07 March 2013. Sade-Feldman M, Kanterman J, Ish-Shalom E, Elnekave M, Horwitz E, Baniyash M. The Lautenberg Center for General and Tumor Immunology, The Institute for Medical Research Israel-Canada.




Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 

TNF-a
Posted by: IanH
Apr 6, 2013
Also reduces mitochondrial membrane potential gradient when chronically elevated. This in turn leads to many of the symptoms in ME/CFS
Reply Reply
 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Nutritional Supplement Orders

Featured Products

B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
MitoQ® MitoQ®
Powerful Antioxidant Support to Mitochondria
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 your brain needs for detox & sharpness
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

Red Yeast Rice - Natural Option for Supporting Healthy Cholesterol Red Yeast Rice - Natural Option for Supporting Healthy Cholesterol
Vitamin K-2 – A Key Player in Cardiovascular and Bone Health Vitamin K-2 – A Key Player in Cardiovascular and Bone Health
Soothe, Heal and Regulate Your Digestive System with Nutrient-Rich Aloe Vera Soothe, Heal and Regulate Your Digestive System with Nutrient-Rich Aloe Vera
Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling – Putting Out the Fire
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sleep But Were Too Tired to Ask Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sleep But Were Too Tired to Ask

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS Diagnosis
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE  |  PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing