Activate Now
 
ProHealth me-cfs Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

15 tips for cooking and cleaning your kitchen when you’re chronically ill

Chronic Illness: You Don’t Get It Until You Get It

When the Joy Just Isn’t Getting Through

20 Date Night Ideas for Chronic Illness

The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream

Microstructural Havoc: The Immune System, Fatigue and the Brain - An ME/CFS and FM Scenario

Next Gen Opioid Drugs Promise Pain Relief Without Side Effects

Ketamine: Wonder Drug?

What You Need to Know About How Your Tasty “Bliss Point” Affects Your Chronic Illness

SURVEY RESULTS: Medical Marijuana

 
Print Page
Email Article

Continuous stress promotes expression of VGF in melanotroph via suppression of dopamine

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By K. Tokizane et al. • www.ProHealth.com • April 11, 2013


Editor's Note: VGF is increased after injury and under conditions of chronic pain and inflammation. Because VGF is found abundantly in the limbic system, it plays a role in regulating metabolism, energy homeostasis, and appetite. The term "cryptogenic" means the cause is unknown. 

~Source: Mol Cell Endocrinol. Mar 26, 2013. 

By K. Tokizane et al.

Abstract

Prolonged exposure to stress elicits profound effects on homeostasis that may lead to cryptogenic disorders such as chronic fatigue syndrome.

To investigate the pathophysiology associated with the syndrome, we used a rat continuous stress (CS) model where the pituitary represents one of the most affected organs. Here we found that mRNA for VGF (non-acronymic), a member of the granin family, was induced specifically in the intermediate lobe (IL).

This was matched by a concomitant increase at the peptide/protein level assessed by C-terminal antibody. Furthermore, the upregulation of VGF was confirmed by immunohistochemistry in a subset of melanotrophs.

VGF expression was altered in the IL of rats receiving the dopamine D2 receptor agonist bromocriptine or the antagonist sulpiride. In vitro, dopamine dose-dependently decreased the mRNA levels in cultured melanotrophs.

These findings suggest that VGF expression under CS is negatively regulated by dopaminergic neurons projecting from the hypothalamus.

Source: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2013 Mar 26. pii: S0303-7207(13)00108-1. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2013.03.012. [Epub ahead of print]. Tokizane K, Konishi H, Yasui M, Ogawa T, Sasaki K, Minamino N, Kiyama H., Department of Functional Anatomy and Neuroscience, Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8550, Japan.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Energy NADH™ 12.5mg MitoQ®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Aching for Pain Relief?

Featured Products

B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 Your Brain Needs for Detox & Sharpness
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

Eating Fat is Good... Maybe... Could Be... Sometimes Eating Fat is Good... Maybe... Could Be... Sometimes
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea
Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery
The Revolutionary 'Good Fat' That Promotes Heart, Brain, Bone and Joint Health The Revolutionary 'Good Fat' That Promotes Heart, Brain, Bone and Joint Health

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler

· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE AND SAVE 15% NOW*
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map