ProHealth me-cfs Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Beginning Again: Living with the Ups and Downs of Life with Chronic Illness

Chronic Christmas: Surviving the Holidays with a Chronic Illness

SURVEY RESULTS: Cognitive Impairment II

Productivity Values That Get in the Way of Our Health

Happiness, Gratitude and Appreciation

10 Questions to Ask Yourself Before Saying Yes

The “Starvation” Disease? Metabolomics Meets Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Down Under

Vital Molecule Increases Cellular Energy and Improves Cognitive Function

The IACFS/ME 2016 Conference Overviews #1: Energy and Exercise To the Fore

Is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome An Inflammatory Disease? The 2016 IACFS/ME Conference Overviews Pt II

 
Print Page
Email Article

Continuous stress promotes expression of VGF in melanotroph via suppression of dopamine

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By K. Tokizane et al. • www.ProHealth.com • April 11, 2013


Editor's Note: VGF is increased after injury and under conditions of chronic pain and inflammation. Because VGF is found abundantly in the limbic system, it plays a role in regulating metabolism, energy homeostasis, and appetite. The term "cryptogenic" means the cause is unknown. 

~Source: Mol Cell Endocrinol. Mar 26, 2013. 

By K. Tokizane et al.

Abstract

Prolonged exposure to stress elicits profound effects on homeostasis that may lead to cryptogenic disorders such as chronic fatigue syndrome.

To investigate the pathophysiology associated with the syndrome, we used a rat continuous stress (CS) model where the pituitary represents one of the most affected organs. Here we found that mRNA for VGF (non-acronymic), a member of the granin family, was induced specifically in the intermediate lobe (IL).

This was matched by a concomitant increase at the peptide/protein level assessed by C-terminal antibody. Furthermore, the upregulation of VGF was confirmed by immunohistochemistry in a subset of melanotrophs.

VGF expression was altered in the IL of rats receiving the dopamine D2 receptor agonist bromocriptine or the antagonist sulpiride. In vitro, dopamine dose-dependently decreased the mRNA levels in cultured melanotrophs.

These findings suggest that VGF expression under CS is negatively regulated by dopaminergic neurons projecting from the hypothalamus.

Source: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2013 Mar 26. pii: S0303-7207(13)00108-1. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2013.03.012. [Epub ahead of print]. Tokizane K, Konishi H, Yasui M, Ogawa T, Sasaki K, Minamino N, Kiyama H., Department of Functional Anatomy and Neuroscience, Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8550, Japan.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® MitoQ® Ultra ATP+, Double Strength


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 Your Brain Needs for Detox & Sharpness
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
MitoQ® MitoQ®
Powerful Antioxidant Support to Mitochondria

Natural Remedies

Optimize Your Immune System Naturally: Thymic Protein A Optimize Your Immune System Naturally: Thymic Protein A
D-ficient? Health Risks You Need to Know About D-ficient? Health Risks You Need to Know About
Fight Inflammation and Promote Cognitive Health with High-OPC Grape Seed Fight Inflammation and Promote Cognitive Health with High-OPC Grape Seed
How I Found My Long-Lost Energy How I Found My Long-Lost Energy
Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map