Activate Now
 
ProHealth me-cfs Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

There and Back Again – a CFS/Fibromyalgia Physician’s Recovery

Call to Action: Funding for ME/CFS Stricken From 2016 Federal Budget!

OMF's Severely Ill Patient Study Gets Large Donation

5 Health Strategies You Can Learn from Your Dog

Re-evaluating Your Habits

Increased Risk of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Following Atopy: A Population-Based Study

Weeding Out Your Negative Thoughts!

Clinically Studied Joint Relief Product for FM & ME/CFS

Restoring Cellular Energy Metabolism

D-Ribose: Energize Your Heart, Save Your Life

 
Print Page
Email Article

Pathomechanisms of Autoantibody Production against the Nervous System

  [ 2 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By K. Arimura • www.ProHealth.com • April 14, 2013


Editor's Comment: This study is the most recent addition to the body of evidence that infections may be precipitating factors in the later development of chronic inflammation and subsequent autoimmunity in the nervous system. In a previous study performed at Queen Mary, University of London, researchers found a similar link between Epstein-Barr virus and multiple sclerosis, another neuro-degenerative autoimmune disease.

~Source: Brain Nerve. April, 2013. [Article in Japanese]

By K. Arimura

Abstract

In immune-mediated neurological disorders, the production of autoantibodies against the nervous system occurs mainly because of impaired immune tolerance. In myasthenia gravis (MG), the thymus shows pathologic alterations, particularly in anti-AChR antibody-positive patients. Further, resection of the thymus induces a clinical recovery.

The MG thymus contains all the elements, including AChR antigens, AChR-specific T cells, and antigen-secreting B cells, that are required to initiate and sustain autoantibody production. Central tolerance, established by the repertoire selection of immature T lymphocytes in the thymus, is impaired in MG patients who are positive for anti-AChR antibodies.

Recent evidence suggests that chronic inflammation elicited by viral infection is important for the production of AChR antibodies. Antibodies against ganglioside are crucial for the diagnosis of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). Molecular mimicry between the lipooligosaccharides of Camplylobacter jejuni and gangliosides of the peripheral nerve causes the production of antibodies. However, less than 1 in 1000 patients infected with C. jejuni develop GBS. This fact suggests that some host factors might influence the production of antibodies. A recent hypothesis suggests that transient impairment of peripheral tolerance due to infection may play a crucial role in GBS pathogenesis.

In summary, autoantibody production might correlate with the impairment of immune tolerance as well as with innate immunity.

Source: Brain Nerve. 2013 Apr;65(4):323-32. Arimura K. Okatsu Neurology and Rehabilitation Hospital.




Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 



[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Nutritional Supplement Orders

Featured Products

MitoQ® MitoQ®
Powerful Antioxidant Support to Mitochondria
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 your brain needs for detox & sharpness

Natural Remedies

Quercetin: Natural Support for Allergy & Inflammation Relief and More Quercetin: Natural Support for Allergy & Inflammation Relief and More
Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth
Prepare Yourself for Cold & Flu Season
When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear
Aches and Pains? A Simple Solution You'll Love Aches and Pains? A Simple Solution You'll Love

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS Diagnosis
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE  |  PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing