ProHealth me-cfs Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|

Trending News

The Muscle-Brain Connection in ME/CFS Revealed

The Neurobiology of ME/CFS

Simmaron Foundation’s Immunology Workshop: The Forefront of Diagnosing and Treating ME/CFS

P2P: The Question They Will Not Ask

Adrenal Burnout? Naturally Boost Your Energy & Manage Stress

Smartphone app and specialised clinic for chronic fatigue patients

Human herpesvirus 6 and the nervous system

VIDEO: Stuff Healthy People Say to Sick People

Characterization of Natural Killer Cell Phenotypes in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyel...

VIDEO: Dr. Newton Talks About Biomarkers and the Future of ME/CFS Treatment

 
Print Page
Email Article

Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Blocks Differentiation and Enhances Suppressive Activity of Immature Myeloid Cells during Chronic Inflammation

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ 1 Comment ]
By M. Sade-Feldman et al. • www.ProHealth.com • April 6, 2013


Editor's Comment: A number of studies have found elevated inflammatory cytokines in patients with CFS/ME. In 1999, Moss et al. discovered that TNF-a was elevated in CFS patients. Maes et al. confirmed this finding in 2011. Elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-a, have also been found in fibromyalgia patients. (Read the abstract HERE.Zeta chain downregulation has been implicated in cancer and in autoimmune diseases.

~Source: Immunity, Volume 38, Issue 3, 541-554, 07 March 2013

By M. Sade-Feldman et al.

Highlights

  • TNF-a promotes immunosuppression during chronic inflammation via MDSCs
  • TNF-a blocks MDSC maturation by enhancing S100A8/9 and RAGE expression
  • TNF-a augments MDSC suppressive activity impairing T and NK cell function
  • Etanercept enhances MDSC maturation and reduces their suppressive activity

Summary

Elevated concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) are detected in pathologies characterized by chronic inflammation. Whether TNF-a plays a role in manipulating the host’s immune system toward generating an immunosuppressive milieu, typical of ongoing chronic inflammation, is unclear. Here we showed that TNF-a exhibited a dual function during chronic inflammation: arresting differentiation of immature myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) primarily via the S100A8 and S100A9 inflammatory proteins and their corresponding receptor (RAGE) and augmenting MDSC suppressive activity. These functions led to in vivo T and NK cell dysfunction accompanied by T cell antigen receptor zeta chain downregulation. Furthermore, administration of etanercept (TNF-a antagonist) during early chronic inflammatory stages reduced MDSCs’ suppressive activity and enhanced their maturation into dendritic cells and macrophages, resulting in the restoration of in vivo immune functions and recovery of zeta chain expression. Thus, TNF has a fundamental role in promoting an immunosuppressive environment generated during chronic inflammation.

Source: Immunity, Volume 38, Issue 3, 541-554, 07 March 2013. Sade-Feldman M, Kanterman J, Ish-Shalom E, Elnekave M, Horwitz E, Baniyash M. The Lautenberg Center for General and Tumor Immunology, The Institute for Medical Research Israel-Canada.




Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 

TNF-a
Posted by: IanH
Apr 6, 2013
Also reduces mitochondrial membrane potential gradient when chronically elevated. This in turn leads to many of the symptoms in ME/CFS
Reply Reply
 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Immune Support Supplements

Featured Products

Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
MitoQ® MitoQ®
Powerful Antioxidant Support to Mitochondria
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 your brain needs for detox & sharpness

Natural Remedies

The Curcumin Revolution: The Curcumin Revolution: "Golden" Ticket to Better Health
Research Links Green Tea to Weight Loss Research Links Green Tea to Weight Loss
Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue
Red: The Color of Energy, Health, and B-12 Red: The Color of Energy, Health, and B-12
Could a B-12 Deficiency Be Causing Your Symptoms? Could a B-12 Deficiency Be Causing Your Symptoms?

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia 101
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS 101
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE
CONTACT US
PRIVACY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing