ProHealth me-cfs Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|

Trending News

Gut Infection Could Underlie Symptoms in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

NIH Pathways to Prevention: Advancing the Research on ME/CFS: Day 1, Afternoon Sessions

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Researcher Turns Pilot Study into Major Grant

The Biggest Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Treatment Trial Begins: Fluge/Mella On Rituximab

NIH Pathways to Prevention: Advancing the Research on ME/CFS: Day 1, Morning Session

Fatigue & Fibro Fog: Could You Have a B-12 Deficiency?

VIDEO: Do You Care About M.E.?

Plasma cytokine expression in adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome

Ask the Doctor: How do I know that I really have chronic fatigue syndrome?

Paradoxical response to intravenous immunoglobulin in a case of Parvovirus B19-associated chronic fa...

 
Print Page
Email Article

Kynurenine Pathway Pathologies: Do Nicotinamide and Other Pathway Co-Factors have a Therapeutic Role in Reduction of Symptom Severity, Including Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) and Fibromyalgia (FM)

  [ 4 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Adele Blankfield • www.ProHealth.com • August 17, 2013


Editor's Comment: The kynurenine pathway is a metabolic pathway leading to the production of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), which is derived from the essential amino acid tryptophan. Disruptions of this pathway have been implicated in several inflammatory neurological diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease, cancer, depression and schizophrenia. In this article, Adele Blankfield proposes that the "upregulation of the  tryptophan kynurenine pathway offers an explanatory model for an immunological connection between malnutrition and infection, and for the pathophysiological and neurological complications of severe trauma and illness, CFS/FM included." 

The full text of this article can be accessed HERE.

Kynurenine Pathway Pathologies: Do Nicotinamide and Other Pathway Co-Factors have a Therapeutic Role in Reduction of Symptom Severity, Including Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) and Fibromyalgia (FM)

By Adele Blankfield

Abstract

The definition of dual tryptophan pathways has increased the understanding of the mind-body, body-mind dichotomy. The serotonergic pathway highlights the primary (endogenous) psychiatric disorders. The up-regulation of the kynurenine pathway by physical illnesses can cause neuropathic and immunological disorders associated with secondary neuropsychiatric symptoms.

Tryptophan and nicotinamide deficiencies fall within the protein energy malnutrition (PEM) spectrum. They can arise if the kynurenine pathway is stressed by primary or secondary inflammatory conditions and the consequent imbalance of available catabolic/anabolic substrates may adversely influence convalescent phase efficiency.

The replacement of depleted or reduced NAD+ levels and other cofactors can perhaps improve the clinical management of these disorders.

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM) appear to meet the criteria of a tryptophan-kynurenine pathway disorder with potential neuroimmunological sequelae. Aspects of some of the putative precipitating factors have been previously outlined.

An analysis of the areas of metabolic dysfunction will focus on future directions for research and management.

Source: Int J Tryptophan Res. 2013 Jul 21;6(Suppl 1):39-45. doi: 10.4137/IJTR.S11193. Print 2013. A. Blankfield




Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 



[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Vitamins and Supplements

Featured Products

MitoQ® MitoQ®
Powerful Antioxidant Support to Mitochondria
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 your brain needs for detox & sharpness
B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging
The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away
Shoo Pain, Don't Bother Me - Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life Shoo Pain, Don't Bother Me - Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life
Broad Spectrum Protection Against Brain Aging Broad Spectrum Protection Against Brain Aging
Sleep Like a Baby in Nature's Cradle Sleep Like a Baby in Nature's Cradle

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS Diagnosis
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE  |  PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing