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A case of cranial polyneuropathy presenting with prominent facial diplegia, elevated serum Borrelia burgdorferi antibody and lymphocytic pleocytosis.

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Abstract

A 54 year-old male patient developed acute cranial polyneuropathy including prominent facial diplegia and radicular++-neuritis. He was proven to have lymphocytic pleocytosis, and elevated serum Borrelia burgdorferi antibody to X800 (normal; less than X200). A diagnosis of typical early neuro-borreliosis was made after these clinical and laboratory findings. This case is the first neuro-borreliosis showing the triad of neurological manifestations (meningitis, cranial neuritis, radicular++-neuritis) in Japan. It is concluded that neuro-borreliosis should be considered to be a cause of acute cranial polyneuropathy, particularly of facial diplegia, even if the patient has no apparent history of a tick bite.

Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 1990 Jul;30(7):787-9. Case Reports; English Abstract

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