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A hybridoma cell line formed by the fusion of the P3x63-Ag8.653 myeloma cell line with splenocytes from BALB/c mice immunized with Borrelia burgdorferi produced an IgM monoclonal antibody (mAb-11G1) with kappa-light chains which detected an antigenic determinant in a major spirochetal protein of m.w. approximately 31,000, also known as outer surface protein A (OSP-A). Apparent saturation was reached in approximately 35 min with 34 ng of mAb-11G1 binding to 5 X 10(7) spirochetes giving an estimated 4.8 X 10(2) IgM molecules per spirochete and thus a minimum of 480 binding sites per organism. Enzymatic digestion studies suggest that the antigenic determinant to mAb-11G1 is contained within the peptide chain of OSP-A as binding could be eliminated by treatment of the spirochetes with proteinase K, Pronase and pepsin (100 to 200 micrograms/ml of enzyme) but not by trypsin or bromelain treatment. Periodate oxidation as well as mixed and endoglycosidase treatment of the spirochetes did not alter the binding of mAb-11G1. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of whole spirochetal cell lysates disclosed that OSP-A is a heterogeneously charged basic protein with an apparent isoelectric point range from 8.5 to 9.0. Amino acid analysis of OSP-A showed a 10% lysine component which could provide the basic nature to the protein. OSP-A with the intact antigenic determinant for mAb-11G1 can be found in the urine of hamsters experimentally infected with B. burgdorferi.