University Hospital, University of Antwerp, Belgium. firstname.lastname@example.org
The aetiology and pathogenesis of the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) are still largely unresolved. Accompanying metabolic disorders such as selective n-6 fatty acid depletion suggest that oxidative stress and more specifically lipid peroxidation might play a role in its pathogenesis.
In order to investigate this hypothesis, oxidant-antioxidant status and its impact on lipoprotein peroxidation in vitro was examined in 61 patients with unexplained fatigue lasting more than 1 month. They were subdivided into 2 groups: group CFS+ (33 subjects) fulfilled the 1988 Center of Disease Control criteria for CFS and group CFS- did not but was similar as regards age, sex distribution and clinical characteristics.
Antioxidant status was similar in the 2 groups except for lower serum transferrin in the CFS + (mean (95 % CI) 2.41 (2.28-2.54) versus 2.73 (2.54-2.92) g/L in the CFS-, p = 0.009) and higher lipoprotein peroxidation in vitro: 6630 (5949-7312) versus 5581 (4852-6310) nmol MDA/mg LDL and VLDL cholesterol x minutes, p = 0.035). CFS intensified the influence of LDL cholesterol (p = 0.012) and of transferrin (p = 0.045) on peroxidation in vitro, suggesting additional pro-oxidant effects.
These results indicate that patients with CFS have increased susceptibility of LDL and VLDL to copper-induced peroxidation and that this is related both to their lower levels of serum transferrin and to other unidentified pro-oxidising effects of CFS.
Life Sci 2001 Mar 16;68(17):2037-49
PMID: 11388705 [PubMed – in process]