J Pediatr Psychol. 2005 Aug 24; [Epub ahead of print]
Degotardi PJ, Klass ES, Rosenberg BS, Fox DG, Gallelli KA, Gottlieb BS.
Schneider Children’s Hospital.
Objective: To describe the development and test the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBT) for juvenile fibromyalgia.
Method: Sixty-seven children with fibromyalgia and their parents were recruited to participate in an 8-week intervention that included modules of pain management, psychoeducation, sleep hygiene, and activities of daily living. Children were taught techniques of cognitive restructuring, thought stopping, distraction, relaxation, and self-reward.
Additionally, they kept daily pain and sleep dairies. Children completed questionnaires of pre- and post-treatment measuring physical status and psychological functioning.
Results: Following CBT, children reported significant reductions (p < .006) in pain, somatic symptoms, anxiety, and fatigue, as well as improvements in sleep quality. Additionally, children reported improved functional ability and had fewer school absences.
Conclusion: Children with fibromyalgia can be taught CBT strategies that help them effectively manage this chronic and disabling musculoskeletal pain disorder.
PMID: 16120766 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]