Abstract: Development of protein microarray technology to monitor biomarkers of rheumatoid arthritis disease

Cell Biol Toxicol. 2003 Jun;19(3):189-202.

Urbanowska T, Mangialaio S, Hartmann C, Legay F.

Marker and Assay Development, Novartis Pharma, Basel, Switzerland. teresa.urbanowska@pharma.novartis.com

Most biological processes are mediated by complex networks of molecular interactions involving proteins. The analysis of protein expression in biological samples is especially important in the identification and monitoring of biomarkers for disease progression and therapeutic endpoints. In this paper, the development of a protein microarray format for multiplexed quantitative analysis of several potential markers for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is described.

Development of a high-performance protein microarray system depends on several key parameters such as surface chemistry, capture agents, immobilization technology, and methods used for signal detection and quantification. Several technical possibilities were investigated and compared: poly-L-lysine versus self-assembled monolayer of octadecyl phosphoric acid ester for surface chemistries; noncontact piezoelectric versus contact printing technology for antibody deposition; CCD camera capture versus fluorescent scanning for image detection; and the concentration of coating antibody.

On the basis of reproducibility, signal-to-noise ratio, and sensitivity we have selected self-assembled monolayer, noncontact piezoelectric printer, and high-read-out fluorescence scanning for our microarray format. This format was used to perform multiplexed quantitative analysis of several potential markers of disease progression of rheumatoid arthritis: IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and SAA. Some assays, such as MCP-1, provided a working range that covered physiologically relevant concentrations.

Other assays, such as IL-6 and SAA, lacked sensitivity or were too sensitive for measuring biological concentrations, respectively. The results described demonstrate the applicability of protein microarrays to monitor RA markers; however, sandwich assay methodologies need to be further optimized to measure the appropriate biological ranges of these markers on one chip.

PMID: 12945746 [PubMed – in process]

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