J Rehabil Med. 2004 Sep;36(5):211-9.
Henriksson C, Carlberg U, Kjallman M, Lundberg G, Henriksson KG.
Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden. email@example.com
OBJECTIVE: Four programmes based on educational and cognitive principles but with a variation in total length and number of staff/patient contact hours were compared in order to gain further insight into the importance of the format of the programme for the final outcome.
DESIGN: A prospective non-randomized intervention study with 191 persons with fibromyalgia. Data were collected before, after and at 1-year follow-up. Participants served as their own controls. Results within and between the programmes were calculated.
METHODS: Clinical investigations before and after intervention. Questionnaires were answered before, after and at 1-year follow-up.
RESULTS: Most instruments showed no significant improvements after the programme. However, some improvements were found in important variables such as attitudes, self-efficacy, vitality and “days feeling well”. Results were unchanged at the 1-year follow-up and 16 persons had started working. Seven had ceased working. Participants reported frequent use of coping strategies in everyday life. No major differences could be found between the programmes.
CONCLUSIONS: More comprehensive programmes did not produce better results at group level. Also short and less costly interventions based on educational and cognitive principles were valuable for persons with longstanding fibromyalgia. More attention must be given to evaluating the clinical effect of programmes.
PMID: 15626161 [PubMed – in process]