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Abstract: High Carbohydrate and High Monounsaturated Fatty Acid Diets Similarly Affect LDL Electrophoretic Characteristics in Men Who Are Losing Weight

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J. Nutr. 133:3124-3129, October 2003

1W. Roodly Archer2, Benoît Lamarche*,3, Annie C. St-Pierre4, Jean-François Mauger, Olivier Dériaz*, Nancy Landry*, Louise Corneau, Jean-Pierre Després, Jean Bergeron*,5, Patrick Couture* and Nathalie Bergeron6

Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Institute, Laval University, Québec, Canada G1K 7P4; * Lipid Research Center, CHUL Research Center, Québec, Canada G1V 4G2; Québec Heart Institute, Laval Hospital Research Center, Québec, Canada G1V 4G5

6To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Nathalie.Bergeron@inaf.ulaval.ca.

We compared the effects of ad libitum consumption of a defined high complex carbohydrate (CHO) diet (% of energy: CHO, 58.3; fat, 25.8) vs. a defined high monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) diet (% of energy: CHO, 44.7; fat, 40.1; MUFA, 22.5) on LDL electrophoretic characteristics. Healthy men [n = 65; age, 37.5 ± 11.2 (mean ± SD) y; BMI, 29.2 ± 4.9 kg/m2] were randomly assigned to one of the two diets that they consumed for 6–7 wk. The high CHO diet significantly reduced body weight (-2%). The diet-induced reduction in plasma LDL cholesterol (C) levels in the high-CHO diet group was due mainly to concurrent reductions in the cholesterol content of small (

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