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Abstract: Immunity Impairment as a Result of Neurohormonal Disorders

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Russ J Immunol 1999 Dec;4(4):343-345

Artsimovich NG, Galushina TS, Matvienko MA, Nastoyaschaya NN, Fadeeva TA, Shneidorova MA.

SRC – Institute of Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

An important principle of psychoneuroimmunologic interaction is that immunocytes act as if they were mobile sensitive organs for the central nervous system, producing local and systemic neuropeptides and immunological transmitters with appropriate stimulation. They inform the brain of local damage and mobilize the neuroendocrine system for protection.

Their list is long and continues to grow. It includes: somatostatin, vasoactive intestinal peptide, thyroid stimulating hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and other neurotransmitters and hormones, having immunomodulating properties. This may indicate to close interaction between the immune and neuroendocrine systems, which may be involved into the disease process.

A bright example of this may be a disease that has not been closely studied in our country, but is widespread throughout the world. This is the chronic fatigue syndrome, at the base of which lie disturbances of the central nervous, endocrine and immune systems. The idea that the chronic fatigue syndrome is a disturbance of the production of cytokines is related to a number of disturbances in the T system of immunity. It was found back in 1987-1988 that there is an increase in the level of HLA DR and IL-2 receptors and an increase in the ratio CD4/CD8 in patients suffering from this syndrome.

PMID: 12687153 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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