Pain Med. 2005 Jul;6(4):299-304. Fishbain DA, Lewis J, Cole B, Cutler B, Smets E, Rosomoff H, Rosomoff RS. Department of Psychiatry, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA. Objectives. Fatigue is frequently found in chronic pain patients (CPPs) and may be etiologically related to the presence of pain. Fishbain et al. have recently demonstrated that chronic low back pain (LBP) and chronic neck pain patients are more fatigued than controls.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether chronic LBP- and chronic neck pain-associated fatigue responded to multidisciplinary multimodal treatment not specifically targeted to the treatment of fatigue. Design. A total of 85 chronic LBP and 33 chronic neck pain patients completed the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI), Neuropathic Pain Scale (NPS), and Beck Depression Inventory on admission. In addition, an information tool was completed on each CPP by the senior author. This tool listed demographic information, primary and secondary pain diagnoses, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) psychiatric diagnoses assigned, pain location, pain precipitating event, type of injury, years in pain, number of surgeries, type of surgery, type of pain pattern, opioids consumed per day in morphine equivalents, worker compensation status, and whether, according to the clinical examination, the CPP had a neuropathic pain component. At completion of the multidisciplinary multimodal treatment, each CPP again completed the MFI. Student's t-test was utilized to test for statistical changes on the MFI five scales from pre- to post-treatment. Pearson and point-biserial correlations were utilized to determine which variables significantly correlated with MFI change scores. Variables found significant at less than or equal to 0.01 were utilized in a stepwise aggression analysis to find variables predictive of change in MFI scores. Setting. Multidisciplinary pain facility. Patients. Chronic LBP and chronic neck pain patients.
Results. Multidisciplinary multimodal treatment significantly improved CPP fatigue as measured by the MFI. The available variables utilized to predict fatigue best explained only a small percentage (28.9%) of the variance. Improvement in fatigue was related to NPS-10 scale scores (neuropathic pain) and a previous diagnosis of fibromyalgia.
Conclusions. Multidisciplinary multimodal pain facility treatment improves chronic LBP- and neck pain-associated fatigue. At the present time we cannot predict this improvement with significant accuracy. PMID: 16083460 [PubMed – in process]