Abstract: The effect of maximal exercise on temporal summation of second pain (windup) in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome

J Pain. 2001 Dec;2(6):334-344.

Vierck CJ, Staud R, Price DD, Cannon RL, Mauderli AP, Martin AD.

Exercise activates endogenous opioid and adrenergic systems, but attenuation of experimental pain by exercise has not been shown consistently. In this study, effects of exercise on temporal summation of late pain responses to stimulation of unmyelinated (C) nociceptors were assessed. When a preheated thermode was applied repetitively to glabrous skin of the hand in a series of brief contacts at rates of 0.2 to 0.5 Hz, the perceived intensity of late thermal sensations increased after successive contacts. This summation of pain sensations provides information regarding the status of central opioid and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor systems.

For normal subjects, temporal summation of late pain sensations was substantially attenuated when testing began 1.5 or 10 minutes after exercise. Individuals diagnosed with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) report generalized chronic pain that is increased after exercise.

Therefore, we hypothesized that strenuous exercise would increase summation of late pain sensations in this cohort. Patients with FMS and control subjects exerted to similarly high metabolic rates, as shown by physiologic monitoring. Ratings of late pain sensations increased for patients with FMS after exercise, an effect opposite to a decrease in ratings for age/sex-matched control subjects. In contrast to this result for experimentally induced pain, clinical pain ratings were not substantially altered after strenuous exercise by patients with FMS. [copy ] 2001 by the American Pain Society

PMID: 14622813 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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