Aim: To compare levels of anxiety of children with chronic illness with healthy peers and population norms.
Methods: Meta-analysis integrated results from 332 studies.
Results: Children with chronic illness had elevated levels of anxiety (d=.18 standard deviation units). Strongest elevations were found for chronic fatigue syndrome, migraine/tension headache, sensory impairment, and epilepsy.
Conclusions: Pediatricians should screen for anxiety symptoms in children at risk and offer interventions, if needed.
Source: Acta Paediatrica, Feb 18, 2011. PMID: 21332786, by Pinquart M, Shen Y. Philipps University, Marburg, Germany.