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Lyme borreliosis is increasing in Poland in both incidence and recognition with 655 cases reported in 1997 and 3574 in 2003. Approximately 4% of patients will develop cardiac manifestations–the least well documented complication of
Lyme disease. Cardiac involvement usually occurs within weeks to months of the infecting tick bite and includes varying degrees of atrioventricular block as the commonest manifestation and tachyarrhythmias, myopericarditis, mild cardiac muscle dysfunction. There has been evidence that long standing dilated cardiomyopathy may be associated with chronic Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Patients with atrioventricular block have good prognosis. Most cases resolve within 1 to 2 weeks. Temporary, but almost never permanent, cardiac pacing may be required for some patients. Cardiac manifestations of
Lyme disease are treatable with antibiotics.
Lyme carditis should be taken into consideration in patients with acute as well as chronic heart diseases.