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We report on 2 patients with cerebral vasculitis and stroke due to
Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB). Both patients had a prodromal stage involving headaches, and showed meningeal enhancement in addition to ischemic infarctions on brain magnetic resonance imaging and diffuse vasculitis on vascular imaging. Serological and cerebrospinal (CSF) fluid studies confirmed the diagnosis of active LNB. Ceftriaxone for 3 weeks led to an excellent recovery and improvements in the CSF examination findings. Stroke physicians should be aware of this rare presentation of LNB. A review of the current knowledge on cerebral vasculitis due to LNB is provided.
2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.