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Clinical and polysomnographic features of patients with Restless Legs Syndrome.

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Editor's Note:  Restless legs syndrome is a common companion to fibromyalgia. Similar to fibromyalgia, this study concludes that restless legs syndrome is more common in women and affects quality of life.  

ABSTRACT
 
OBJECTIVE
To reveal clinical and polysomnographic features in patients treated for restless leg syndrome and to examine the compatibility of sleep data and clinical features.
 
METHODS
The study was conducted at the Department of Neurology, Ankara Numune Training and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, and comprised patients who presented to the outpatient clinic between January and July 2014 who were diagnosed with restless leg syndrome based on the International RestIess Leg Syndrome Study Group criteria. Patients underwent polysomnography test in spontaneous sleep in a single room. SPSS 18 was used for statistical analyses.
 
RESULTS
Of the 18 patients, 13 (72%) were females and 5 (28%) were males. Overall mean age was 51.56±11.57years (range: 23-66 years). Fourteen (77.8%) patients reported insomnia; 10 (55.5%) patients had excessive daytime sleepiness; 13 (72.2%) reported snoring; and 3 (17%) had apnea. Mean International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group Rating Scale score was 26.11±7.9 (range: 16-40).  Mean Epworth Sleepiness Scale score was 9.17±5.1 (range: 0-20).
 
CONCLUSIONS
Restless leg syndrome was more common in women and the most common complaint was insomnia.
 
Full text available here

Source:  Mungan S, Ozcan M, Orhan G, Titiz A, Arli B, Koseoglu S2, Ak F1, Dere HH2.  Clinical and polysomnographic features of patients with Restless Legs Syndrome.  J Pak Med Assoc. 2016 May;66(5):568-73.

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