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Comparison of the Borrelia DotBlot G, MarDx, and VIDAS enzyme immunoassays for detecting immunoglobulin G antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in human serum.

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Abstract

Three enzyme immunoassays, Borrelia DotBlot G (GenBio, San Diego, Calif.), MarDx EIA (MarDx Diagnostics, Inc., Carlsbad, Calif.), and VIDAS (bioMérieux, St. Louis, Mo.) were compared for their ability to detect immunoglobulin G antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in 100 human serum samples. The "gold standard" positive result for each of these samples was determined by Western immunoblot analysis (MarDx Marblot Test System) (n = 99) or clinical signs and symptoms suggestive of
Lyme disease with other laboratory results positive for B. burgdorferi (n = 1). Based on these criteria for a gold standard positive result, 29 of the 100 samples tested were considered true positives and 71 were considered true negatives. The following sensitivities and specificities were noted, respectively, for each method: Borrelia DotBlot G, 93 and 90%; MarDx, 100 and 35%; and VIDAS, 100 and 92%. Because of high sensitivity and specificity and ease of use, the VIDAS test is an appealing method, especially for laboratories that perform high volumes of tests. The high sensitivity but low specificity of the MarDx method compared to the VIDAS and Borrelia DotBlot G methods requires that Western blot confirmatory tests be performed frequently. The Borrelia DotBlot G method has acceptable specificity but appears to lack sensitivity when compared to the VIDAS and MarDx methods.

J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Dec;40(12):4782-4. Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies

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