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Emerging tick-borne infections in mainland China: an increasing public health threat.

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To read the full journal article for free, click here. 
 
Abstract
 
Since the beginning of the 1980s, 33 emerging tick-borne agents have been identified in mainland China, including eight species of spotted fever group rickettsiae, seven species in the family Anaplasmataceae, six genospecies in the complex Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, 11 species of Babesia, and the virus causing severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome.
 
In this review we have mapped the geographical distributions of human cases of infection. 15 of the 33 emerging tick-borne agents have been reported to cause human disease, and their clinical characteristics have been described. The non-specific clinical manifestations caused by tick-borne pathogens present a major diagnostic challenge and most physicians are unfamiliar with the many tick-borne diseases that present with non-specific symptoms in the early stages of the illness.
 
Advances in and application of modern molecular techniques should help with identification of emerging tick-borne pathogens and improve laboratory diagnosis of human infections. We expect that more novel tick-borne infections in ticks and animals will be identified and additional emerging tick-borne diseases in human beings will be discovered.
 
Source: Fang LQ1, Liu K1, Li XL1, Liang S2, Yang Y2, Yao HW1, Sun RX1, Sun Y1, Chen WJ1, Zuo SQ1, Ma MJ1, Li H1, Jiang JF1, Liu W1, Yang XF3, Gray GC4, Krause PJ5, Cao WC6. Emerging tick-borne infections in mainland China: an increasing public health threat.
Lancet Infect Dis. (2015 Oct 6). pii: S1473-3099(15)00177-2. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00177-2. [Epub ahead of print]

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