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Both multifocal, demyelinating features and prednisone responsiveness are rare in Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT)
disease. We report a mother and son with a prednisone-responsive, multifocal, demyelinating, predominantly sensory polyneuropathy that was associated with an isoleucine92valine polymorphism of lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha factor (LITAF). The mother had a multifocal, acquired, demyelinating sensory and motor polyneuropathy (MADSAM)-like presentation. The son developed left peroneal neuropathy during acute
Lyme disease with a subsequent relapsing, MADSAM-like illness, despite antibiotic treatment. Both shared prednisone responsiveness and multifocal, demyelinating features electrophysiologically. MADSAM may be familial (FaDSAM) and respond to prednisone.