Fatigue & underperformance in athletes: the overtraining syndrome

The overtraining syndrome affects mainly endurance athletes.
It is a condition of chronic fatigue, underperformance, and an
increased vulnerability to infection leading to recurrent
infections. It is not yet known exactly how the stress of hard
training and competition leads to the observed spectrum of
symptoms. Psychological, endocrinogical, physiological, and
immunological factors all play a role in the failure to
recover from exercise. Careful monitoring of athletes and
their response to training may help to prevent the
overtraining syndrome. With a very careful exercise regimen
and regeneration strategies, symptoms normally resolve in 6-12
weeks but may continue much longer or recur if athletes return
to hard training too soon.

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