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Host associations and seasonal abundance of immature Ixodes persulcatus (Acari: Ixodidae) in a Lyme-disease-endemic area in China.

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Abstract

Ticks of nine small mammal species were studied in an area of endemic
Lyme disease in Hailin County, Heilongjiang Province, from 1 May to 10 October 1986. The bulk (93%) total small mammal captures were Apodemus speciosus (45%), Clethrionomys rufocanus (31%), A. agrarius (11%) and Eutamias sibiricus; (5%): these host species accounted for 97% of the 162 ticks collected. Ixodes persulcatus Schulze were most abundant on E. sibiricus (0.64 larvae and 0.08 nymphs/squirrel), and less abundant on A. agrarius (1.16 larvae/mouse), A. speciosus (0.38 larvae/mouse) and C. rufocanus (0.37 larvae and nymphs/vole). The seasonal abundance pattern of larval I. persulcatus on four small mammal species appears as a bimodal peak (June and September), but nymphal I. persulcatus has a monomodal peak during spring. The prevalence of immature I. persulcatus on four small mammal species may play an important role in the epidemiology of
Lyme disease in Hailin County.

Exp Appl Acarol. 1991 Oct;12(3-4):251-7.

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