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In this monograph are analysed the principal infections transmitted by ticks and particularly those interesting Europe and North America. Besides the main species of these arthropods are described in consideration of their characteristics and geographic diffusion. In particular the infections caused by Borrelia genus and tick born encephalitis virus are treated more exhaustively in consideration of their potential severity and because the diagnosis of these infections is sometimes difficult. However also the main rickettsial infections transmitted by ticks are reported together the hemorragic fevers transmitted by such arthropods. In particular it is exhaustively analysed the Mediterranean tick fever in consideration of its presence in some regions of Italy and of the wrong opinion of considering this pathology not very severe. Lastly has been included a treatment about some emergent infections transmitted by ticks, like as the ehrlichiosis and babesiasis, but also the mention of tularaemia that can be considered a re-emergent infection, also in consideration of the epidemic focus now present in Kossovo. The above-mentioned pathologies are analysed also as regards the laboratory diagnosis (direct and serologic methods), the therapeutic treatment and the prophilaxis, both directed against the arthropods vectors and that of individual type, employing also some vaccines, when disposable.