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Immunogenicity of a recombinant Borrelia burgdorferi outer surface protein A vaccine against Lyme disease in children.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

A recombinant lipoprotein vaccine against
Lyme disease, containing 30 microg of Borrelia burgdorferi outer surface protein A (OspA) with aluminum adjuvant, has been shown in a large US field trial of subjects >/=15 years of age to offer 76% efficacy against clinical
Lyme disease after 3 injections given at 0, 1, and 12 months.
Lyme disease is also an important problem in children; thus, OspA vaccine trials in children are needed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and immunogenicity of 2 different doses of lipoprotein OspA with aluminum adjuvant vaccine in healthy children 5 to 15 years of age in a double-blind, randomized study.

STUDY DESIGN:

In a double-blind study, 250 children from the Czech Republic were randomly assigned to receive 15 microg or 30 microg of OspA vaccine at 0, 1, and 2 months. Serum samples, obtained before vaccination and 1 month after the second and third doses, were analyzed for antiOspA antibody. Solicited and unsolicited symptoms were collected from diary cards.

RESULTS:

Local pain at the injection site was reported by approximately 76% of the 250 children. Headaches (after 5% to 18% of the injections) and malaise (after 2% to 16% of the injections) were the most frequently reported general symptoms. Local and generalized symptoms were not different between the 15 microg and 30 microg groups, and all symptoms resolved within 4 days. Both doses were highly immunogenic, with the 30 microg dose eliciting higher antibody levels. Seroconversion occurred in 99% of the 250 children.

CONCLUSIONS:

The OspA vaccine against
Lyme disease was well tolerated and highly immunogenic in children.

J Pediatr. 1999 Nov;135(5):575-9. Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

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