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Arthritis is a common manifestation of late
Lyme disease and can develop into an erosive arthritis with histopathologic similarities to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The development of persistent arthritis and in some cases cartilage and bone erosion is the result of autoimmune phenomena that develop after contact with Borrelia burgdorferi. Analysis of the host-pathogen interaction and immunopathogenic factors in
Lyme arthritis are presented in this study.