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METHODS: First diagnosis of CFS/SEID, GBS and POTS in girls aged 11-15 years were obtained from the National Hospital Discharge Register during 2002-2012. We considered the following ICD-10 codes: G93.3 for CFS; G61.0 for GBS and G90.9, G90.8, G93.3, I49.8 for POTS. We calculated incidence rates per 100,000 person-years with 95% confidence intervals (CI).
RESULTS: In total, 9 CFS/SEID, 19 GBS and 72 POTS cases were identified. The overall incidence rate was 0.53/100,000 (95% CI; 0.27-1.01) for CFS/SEID, 1.11 (95% CI; 0.71-1.74) for GBS and 4.21 (95%CI; 3.34-5.30) for POTS. Significant relative increase in annual incidence rate with a peak in 2012 was observed in CFS/SEID (33% (95% CI; 3.0-70.3: p=0.029) and POTS (16.5% (95% CI; 7.8-25.9: p<0.05), but not in GBS (5.4% (95% CI; -8.4-21.3: p=0.460).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide baseline estimates of CFS/SEID, GBS and POTS incidences in Finland. However, rates based on register data should be interpreted with caution, especially for non-specific diagnostic entities for which internationally and even nationally agreed criteria are still being discussed. To assess the associations with HPV vaccine, methods using register linkage for cohort and self-controlled case series should be explored in addition to factors contributing to patients seeking care, treating physicians setting the diagnoses, and their preference of using of codes for these clinical entities.
Source: Skufca J, Ollgren J, Ruokokoski E, Lyytikäinen O, Nohynek H. Incidence rates of Guillain Barré (GBS), chronic fatigue/systemic exertion intolerance disease (CFS/SEID) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) prior to introduction of human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination among adolescent girls in Finland, 2002-2012. Papillomavirus Res. 2017 Jun;3:91-96. doi: 10.1016/j.pvr.2017.03.001. Epub 2017 Mar 16.