Human chromosome 21 is the smallest and one of the most intensively studied autosomes. The generation of high quality genetic and physical maps for the long arm has enabled the research community to accelerate gene discovery and the identification of disease loci on the chromosome.
However, the emerging pattern from large-scale transcriptional mapping from many groups suggests that the majority of the 600-1000 genes predicted to reside on the chromosome are clustered in two distinct regions of the long arm, on distal 21q22.1 and 21q22.3.
Here, we report the mapping of the gene for receptor interacting protein 140 (RIP140) on 21q11 by means of YACs, PACs and hybrid cell lines. We have placed RIP140 within 100 kb of D21S13, in a region of the chromosome where only one other gene has been described to date.
The association of the RIP140 protein with the superfamily of nuclear receptors may be of significance in studies of trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) and Alzheimers disease, since a modifier locus has been speculated to reside on 21q11.
Source: Hum Genet 1998 Feb;102(2):221-3
PMID: 9521594, UI: 98180893
(Neurogenetics Unit, Imperial College of Medicine at St. Mary’s, London, UK)