Lyme borreliosis is a cutaneous-systemic infection that is generally transmitted by a hard-bodied tick and caused by some species of Borrelia, Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu stricto), B. garini, and B. afzelii.
Lyme borreliosis is a widespread
disease, present in all continents. It can be divided into an early
disease, corresponding to the primary stage, and a late
disease, including the secondary and tertiary stages. The typical cutaneous lesions are erythema (chronicum) migrans, lymphadenosis benigna cutis, and acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans. The course of
Lyme borreliosis depends on the timeliness of both diagnosis and antibiotic treatment.