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In 1986-1988 there were 123 patients with positive serology for
Lyme borreliosis out of 4000 sera referred to the Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of Helsinki. Of the 63 patients with positive serology in 1986-1987 20 showed a predominant involvement of the nervous system, 18 complained of joint symptoms and 11 patients merely showed a skin involvement including 8 patients with erythema chronicum migrans (ECM) and 3 patients with acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA). Two of the patients had unspecific general symptoms and in 5 patients the type of involvement remained unknown. The serology was considered to be falsely positive in 2 patients with tuberculous meningitis, in one with syphilis and in another with recurrent fever.