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The incidence of
Lyme disease is increasing in New Jersey. In 1996, 2,190 cases were reported, representing an increase of 487 cases from the 1,703 reported in 1995 [Table 1]. Symptoms associated with
Lyme disease include headache and facial pain that often mimics dental pathology and temporomandibular disorders. Patients with complaints of vague, non-specific dental, facial or head pain, who present with a multisystemic, multi-treatment history, are suspect. This article discusses
Lyme disease in New Jersey and the clinical presentation of
Lyme disease that the dental practitioner may encounter. A summary of data is provided which was collected from 120 patients diagnosed with laboratory confirmed
Lyme disease. The most common orofacial, head and dental complaints seen in the
Lyme disease patient are reviewed. This information will hopefully aid in establishing a diagnosis and appropriate referral where indicated.