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Lyme borreliosis is an infectious
disease caused by the tick-transmitted spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. To date, the only known endemic focus of
Lyme disease in Canada is Long Point, Ont. A national case definition for surveillance purposes, consensus statement regarding laboratory diagnosis, and treatment guidelines have recently been developed in an attempt to standardize the approach to surveillance, diagnosis, and management of
Lyme borreliosis in Canada.