Management of patients with Fibromyalgia using biofeedback: A randomized control trial

[Note: An electromyograph device allows real-time tracking of muscle tissue’s electrical activity.]

Objective: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic rheumatological condition which could be characterized by generalized pain and fatigue. Cognitive and behavioral therapy has been found to be a suitable technique in the management of FMS. This study intends to evaluate the efficacy of electromyography (EMG) biofeedback to reduce pain in patients with FMS.

Materials and methods: A randomized controlled trial involving two groups of FMS patients, one receiving EMG biofeedback and the other a sham biofeedback, was carried out. The assessment tools included in the study were fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ), visual analogue scale (VAS), six-minute walk test (SMWT) and number of tender points; and tenderness of each tender point was done for both the groups.

Statistics: A Student’s ‘t’ test was used to study the test for significance.

Results: After using biofeedback, the mean VAS scores and the mean number of tender points were found to be 3 out of 10 and 6 out of 18 respectively. Subjective analysis from both groups showed improvement in physical and psychological realms. Statistical significance.

Conclusion: Biofeedback as a treatment modality reduces pain in patients with FMS, along with improvements in FIQ, SMWT and the number of tender points.

Source: Indian Journal of Medical Science. 2007 Aug;61(8):455-61. PMID: 17679735, by Babu AS, Mathew E, Danda D, Prakash H. Department of Physiotherapy, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India. [E-mail:]

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One thought on “Management of patients with Fibromyalgia using biofeedback: A randomized control trial”

  1. noteworthy says:

    It’s about time scientists used a modality other than drugs. Is a person supposed to take chemicals the rest of her life, with dangerous side effects and heaven knows what else. A person with FM must understand life style, diet, choosing activities carefully must take priority if she is to be comfortable. We are so busy running, rushing and participating in stressful situations, we forget what life is really all about.

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