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Neurologic manifestations of
Lyme disease include meningitis, encephalopathy, and cranial and peripheral neuropathy. There are no sensitive markers for neuroborreliosis, and diagnosis is often based on clinical presentation and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities, including intrathecal antibody production. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in CSF was compared in patients with neuroborreliosis, patients with diverse neurologic disorders, and healthy controls. The CSF of 17 of 18 healthy subjects and 33 of 37 patients with neurologic symptoms and normal CSF and imaging studies contained only MMP2. The CSF of several patients with neurologic disorders contained MMP2, MMP9, and gelatinolytic activity at 130 and 250 kDa. The 130-kDa MMP was found without the 92-kDa MMP9 in the CSF of 11 (79%) of 14 patients with neuroborreliosis and only 7 (6%) of 118 control patients (P < .001). This pattern of CSF gelatinase activity may be a useful marker for neuroborreliosis.