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To investigate the prevalence of
Lyme disease-related Borrelia species, wild rodents were captured around Yushan National Park and Alishan Forest Recreation Area Park in Taiwan 2,000 to 3,000 meters above sea level. Borrelia was not isolated from 67 small mammals of 7 species. Sera from rodents showed no positive reactivity against whole cell antigens of B. garinii, B. afzelii or B. valaisiana by ELISA. These results suggested that
Lyme disease is not endemic to the Alishan area.